The INDIRECT function in Google Sheets takes in the cell address in the form of text and returns a cell reference. UPDATE: After some search for the original question: The problem with your formula is definitely the second & sign which assumes that you would like to concatenate something more to your WHERE statement. For example if I typed a 5 into cell M3 and 6 into cell M4 … Spreadsheets do the heavy lifting for you, by defaulting cell references in formulas as a "relative" to the current cell. See my… So what I want to say is: "if the cell's value is lower than that of the cell above it, color red, if the cell value is higher than that of the cell above it, color green". This will make it easier to debug your formulas. Use relative cell references. Assuming that your data is on the "Responses" sheet, but your condition (cell reference) is in the actual sheet's B1 cell. but that didn't work. But when I call a different type of function — for example: row(f8) — the function takes the cell reference, and not the value, in this case, returning 8. The dollar sign ($) in Excel tells Excel to change or not to change a It works in the opposite way to the ADDRESS function, which returns an address in text format.. I tried the solution here (How to conditional format in Google sheets based on cell directly above it?) Using this approach in combination with relative cell references can save you a lot of time. Instead of typing the ticker and metric_slug inside the formula, put these formula inputs in a separate cell. See my… Google Sheets Functions – VLOOKUP | Learning Google Apps - […] adding dollar signs to the range, to make it an absolute reference and not a relative one. If your formula has relative cell references, i.e., without the “$” sign, Google Sheets will adjust the cells. How do I get my custom function to work with the reference, rather than the value? To override this default behavior, Use a $ sign to keep the reference "static" when pasting the formula into other cells. Hope it helps. Google Sheets Functions – VLOOKUP | Learning Google Apps - […] adding dollar signs to the range, to make it an absolute reference and not a relative one. A is column number 1. absolute_relative_mode - [OPTIONAL - 1 by default ] - An indicator of whether the reference is row/column absolute. column - The column number (not name) of the cell reference. I have a whole bunch of cells (28 so far) that need conditional formatting. Create a formula that uses an absolute reference . If you are using the example, correct the formula in cell D4 to refer only to the tax rate in cell E2 as an absolute reference , then use the fill handle to fill the formula from cells D4 to D14 . When I call a spreadsheet function, say int(f2), the function operates on the value in the cell.If cell("F2") contains 3.14159, the result would be 3. 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