The Mexican Armed Forces (Fuerzas Armadas de México) are composed of two independent entities: the Mexican Army and the Mexican Navy.The Mexican Army includes the Mexican Air Force (FAM).The Special Forces are part of the Army while the Presidential Guard and Military Police fall under the National Guard, but have their own chain of command.The Mexican Navy includes the Naval Infantry … The video also reveals a large contingent of the gunmen armed with specialized military-grade weapons including some belt-fed.50 caliber machine guns. Between 2000 and 2015, more than 20,000 weapons were lost by or stolen from federal, state and local police, according to the army data. Inside, it’s under the tightly controlled thumb of the Union de Tepito, otherwise known as the Union Cartel – one of the capital city’s most violent and well-financed criminal players. Vázquez, 31, had been shot 11 times by drive-by assailants as he prepared to broadcast live on Facebook. Transport. Military assault weapons and ammunition bought in the U.S. can be sold for triple their original price in Mexico, which makes trafficking such a lucrative enterprise, said Zapor, the … Inder Bugarin -A + A. MEXICO CITY – Tucked inside a narrow wedge of a traditional open-air market is one of Mexico’s most dangerous black market operations. The entire country has just one legal gun store, known as the Directorate of Arms and Munitions Sales, which is located in Mexico City and operated by the military. In 2006, the Mexican president, Felipe Calderón, launched a militarized war against drugs which has been continued by successive presidents, and has led to a sustained surge in human rights violations. Vallejo had become accustomed to calls like this: in recent years, violence in Guanajuato, the surrounding region, has spiraled to unprecedented levels amid bloody turf wars between rival cartels. In recent years, Mexico has made a major shift in how it equips its military. The 11mm Remington Rolling Block rifle and carbine were the Mexican army's primary long arms during the latter half of the 19th century. “In most cases where we have documented enforced disappearance, there is always this collusion between the state authorities and organized crime – and there is always the exchange of weapons between these two entities,” said Erika Guevara Rosas, the Americas director for Amnesty International. “By using this opaque mechanism, the government is making proper scrutiny of arms sales even harder,” said Andrew Smith of CAAT. However it has renounced them and pledged to only use its nuclear technology for peaceful purposes following the Treaty of Tlatelolco in 1968. (Hollie McKay/Fox News). In the past decade, more than 4,000 weapons from companies based in Europe – Italy, Romania, Austria, Belgium and Germany – were recovered at crime scenes in Mexico, according to the army documents. In all, fewer than 40 weapons are issued per day on average. Some of those firearms once belonged to the military … As a deterrent, illegal possession of a firearm, even small amounts of ammunition, could result in lengthy prison sentences. PC-7, PC-9M. More than 90% of the killings remain unsolved. Market data provided by Factset. For me, it’s an impossibility and maybe a bit of political wrangling to lay the full blame at the USA’s door for supply and demand on guns.”. The system relied on the 7.62x51mm NATO cartridge and fired through a roller-delayed blowback action from a 20-round … It’s known as the Tepito. Weapons manufactured in Europe and Israel sold legally to the Mexican army – as well as guns trafficked illegally across the US border – are probably being used to commit human rights violations and gangland executions, according to declassified military documents obtained by the non-governmental organization (NGO) Stop US Arms to Mexico. Its main leaders, Roberto “El Betito” Mollado Esparza and David “El Pistache” García Ramirez, both were arrested last October but are believed to maintain their top-brass roles from behind bars. Some estimates – including a recent study published in Oxford’s Journal of Economic Geography – have pegged the number of guns crossing the U.S-Mexico border at over 200,000 annually. More than half came from just two companies, Beretta, based in Italy, and Austria-based Glock, in trade deals worth tens of millions of euros, according to declassified Mexican military documents obtained by Stop US Arms to Mexico. See more ideas about mexican army, mexican american war, mexican war. The common estimation among officials has been that some 90 percent of guns in Mexico stemmed from the U.S., but such a figure would be ripe for dispute. All rights reserved. Multinational arms companies could be violating European export laws as only a fraction of end-users are being reported, according to analysis of the documents published in a new report by a group of international NGOs. First published on Wed 9 Dec 2020 12.00 EST. Anything more potent than a .38 caliber gun is prohibited, and customers must endure upwards of a six-month wait in their applications for permits as they undergo background checks. Mexico itself has had some of the most stringent gun-control measures in the broader region, which has largely fueled the sentiment in recent years that gun violence was a result of the United States’ Second Amendment and lax gun laws by comparison. Beretta and Glock did not respond to repeated requests for comment. Despite this, international weapons manufacturers are undiscerning when it comes to selling to states with a long track record of human rights violations, according to John Lindsay-Poland, the director of Stop US Arms to Mexico. As the U.S. government became discontented with the Diaz regime, the Mexican army began to … According to recent Fortress intelligence assessments, an increase in surveillance on Mexico’s northern border has meant criminal groups have had to open new arms-trafficking routes from Central America to the center of Mexico, especially into Tepito – making it the largest underground weapons distribution center in the country. US law enforcement officials said that the many killings and disappearances, including of local journalists, in Veracruz during the 2010-2016 administration of Governor Javier Duarte, could not have taken place without complicity between the cartels, politicians and police. © 2020 Guardian News & Media Limited or its affiliated companies. ©2020 FOX News Network, LLC. Flag images indicative of country of origin and not necessarily primary operator. In contrast, the Mexican military was in … And, the ATF itself became a contentious piece of that puzzle between 2009 and 2011 in what became known as “Operation Fast and Furious,” when the ATF’s Phoenix Field Division allowed illegal gun sales in order to track the sellers and purchasers who were believed to be linked to Mexican drug cartels. In many ways, this heavy-company sized unit is better armed and equipped than Mexico’s own security forces. Veracruz – the Mexican state with the highest number of journalists killed since 2000 – has regularly received weapons and ammunition from a number of European and Israeli companies. Powered and implemented by FactSet Digital Solutions. The cartels have armed up with stolen military weapons and an endless stream of rifles from the United States. “I wouldn’t say that the number is that high. “Almost all of the journalists in Mexico are killed with foreign weapons,” said Laura Angelina Borbolla, a former federal prosecutor in charge of investigating crimes against journalists. Since the start of the 21st century, the Army has been steadily modernising to become competitive with the armies of other American countries and have also taken certain steps to decrease spending and dependency on foreign equipment in order to become more autonomous such as the domestic production of the FX-05 rifle designed in Mexico and the commitment to researching, designing and manufacturing domestic military systems such as military electronics and body armor. But, over the years it has morphed into a large and violent criminal enterprise. or redistributed. Having recently attained Independence from Spain in 1821, Mexico was fraught with internal struggles that verged on civil war, however it was relatively united in refusing to recognize the independence of Texas. Vázquez, a father of two little girls, died later on 9 November, becoming the third journalist shot dead in 10 days in Mexico – the most dangerous country in the world for the media outside war zones. Since 2000, almost three-quarters of the 119 journalists murdered in Mexico were killed by firearms, an investigation by the Cartel Project has found – and most of those weapons are imported. Mexico steps up military weapons purchases. Open export licences, which typically last for about five years, allow for unlimited exports. Weapons belonging to the Sinaloa Cartel are repaired in a workshop located in the countryside near Culiacán (Sinaloa, Mexico). On its end, since 2014, the Mexican military has sold 1,400 U.S.-produced Sig Sauer firearms to police in 18 Mexican states, including states where there is an extensive record of … “We want to create one option: going through the port of entry to help the limited resources screen the people and vehicle at the border.”. … Nonetheless, some law enforcement experts and analysts have concluded such figures represented only a small amount of the firearms rotating through the cartel-plagued country and argued that many more that Mexican officials have seized were not documented or traced. All rights reserved. But the true value of the arms deals could be higher, as there were three open export licences which campaigners say make tracking sales much more difficult. Mexico ranked third for manpower fit for military service > males age 16-49 amongst Christian countries in 2013. Entries are listed by initial year of service descending. Last month, Mexican Foreign Relations Secretary Marcelo Ebrard pushed back amid U.S pressure to curb the flood of migrants to the border, asserting that in turn, the U.S needed to “do much more” to stop firearms trafficking into Mexico. Even countries that sell relatively few weapons to Mexico – such as the United Kingdom – have seen exports increase. A government spokesperson said: “The UK operates one of the most comprehensive export control regimes in the world.”. Also Asia and some from the Middle East,” a Tijuana-based police authority who requested anonymity explained. And between 2006 and 2018, European and Israeli companies exported more than 238,000 firearms to Mexico for use by state and local police. This strike -- the first large-scale, joint police and military move by the federal government against the country's drug cartels -- sent approximately 7,000 officers to the southern state of Michoacán to arrest suspects and seize both weapons and drugs en masse. You've successfully subscribed to this newsletter! Heckler & Koch … “Mexico is a horrifying example of what can happen to a people who are disarmed and left helpless to be preyed upon by armed criminals,” added Frank Miniter, the editor in chief of the NRA’s magazine America’s 1st Freedom. ... Another from June 2009 says, "Rogue elements of the Guatemalan military are selling weapons to … The Union Cartel started around 2010 as a small group dedicated to shielding the community from crime, with locals paying a fee for the added protection. Nov 20, 2015 - Explore Jorge Rodriguez's board "Mexican Military Uniforms" on Pinterest. The agreement was clinched at the international arms exhibition FAMEX-2017, which was held in Mexico in late April. Mexico threatened war with the U.S. if it annexed Texas.Meanwhile, President Polk's spirit of Manifest Destiny was focusing U.S. interest on westward expansion. It was around daybreak when Mexican crime reporter Luis Vallejo received a call from a local police officer telling him that a bag of human remains had been found in the city of Salamanca where he lives. Beyond the use of these arms by police, evidence suggests that some of the European weapons flooding the market in Mexico have also been linked to the killing of journalists, human rights defenders and civilians, according to analysis of the army documents published in a new report, by a group of international NGOs including Global Exchange. Some supporters have said it would help stem the flow. 13/03/2020. Mexico ranked second for manpower reaching militarily significant age annually > males amongst Catholic countries in 2013. “A wall would help both sides to monitor the people and contraband going back and forth,” said Derek Maltz, a former head of the Drug Enforcement Administration’s (DEA) Special Operations Division. Fox News Flash top headlines for Oct. 1 are here. Working together across 18 different countries over the course of 10 months, the consortium investigated the global networks of Mexican drug cartels and their political connections around the world. The standard issue firearm for the U.S. soldier was the .69-caliber smoothbore flintlock musket. The Mexican … One of the most dangerous pockets of Mexico City: Teptio, the primary-black market area, under the thumb of the Union Cartel. The design was coordinated by the Centro de Investigación Aplicada y Desarrollo Tecnológico de la Industria Militar or CIADTIM and SEDENA and all of its parts are built in Mexico. Violence has since soared: about 300,000 people have been murdered, and tens of thousands more have disappeared. Despite the arrest of two men linked to his murder, Vázquez’s colleagues continue to demand a full investigation into the weapons and motive behind the killing. It’s a barrio where even the police mostly remain outside. The incident happened on April 13 and was first reported by Newsweek, which said one of the Mexican military members removed a service pistol from the hip of … Images from the attempted assassination of police chief Omar García in Mexico City in June 2020 by the Cartel Jalisco Nueva Generacion show a Belgian assault rifle sitting in the bed of a pickup truck. Those purchasing for “personal defense” would be allowed to own just one handgun. More than 95% of European weapons the army has sold to police forces since 2006 were classified as for “military use” under Mexican law, which on paper restricts legal gun sales to civilians. Mexico’s misery has been a bonanza for the arms trade. An international coalition of journalists, coordinated by the non-profit Forbidden Stories, examined the flow of weapons into Mexico in an effort to understand where the guns are coming from. The Mexico Violence Resource Project estimates that nearly half of threats against journalists came from state actors such as police and mayors, compared to 5% by criminal groups. MEXICAN PIRATES POSING GREATER RISK IN GULF OF MEXICO TO OIL WORKERS, TOURISTS. Officials confirmed that the Mexican troops were armed with what seemed to be rifles. A figure of folklore legend Jesús Malverde in Mexico City's Tepito. Legal Statement. Now, 25 international media outlets have come together to pursue the stories of their murdered Mexican colleagues. The FX-05 Xiuhcoatl is a Mexican assault rifle, designed and built by the Dirección General de Industria Militar del Ejército through the Fabricas Militares. Mexico City . Weapons used in drug war in Mexico may be supplied by U.S. Defense Department. ©2020 FOX News Network, LLC. It holds a PwrIndx* rating of 0.6065 (0.0000 considered 'perfect'). Obligatory military service for males was introduced in 1941 in response to Mexico's possible entry into World War II. Many of Mexico’s troops were outfitted with weapons that were nearly 30 years old. Mutual Fund and ETF data provided by Refinitiv Lipper. However, many people in Mexico have viewed the lack of gun-control measures in the United States as wreaking havoc on the violence in their country and enabling the illicit activities to rage. Gun politics and laws in Mexico covers the role firearms play as part of society within the limits of the United Mexican States. While most licences have been for large-scale military equipment, the UK has also sanctioned £4m of small arms to Mexico. She has extensively reported from war zones including Iraq, Syria, Yemen, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Burma, and Latin America investigates global conflicts, war crimes and terrorism around the world. José Armando Rodríguez Carreón who worked for El Diario de Ciudad Juárez, was shot dead in 2008 with an Italian pistol, according to prosecutor Borbolla. Security guards working for Dámaso López Serrano – the son of a senior lieutenant in the Sinaloa cartel, who Mexican prosecutors say ordered the murder of journalist Javier Valdez in 2017 – were photographed carrying a German-produced machine gun. A combination of weak international regulations and a culture of impunity in Mexico makes tracing firearms used to commit crimes back to their origins virtually impossible. “Everything came crashing down on me,” said Vallejo, 32, who was inspired to become a journalist by his friend. Only volunteers serve in active units of the Mexican armed forces. However the country agreed in 2012 to downgrade the high enric… “In our view, they’re culpable.”. Quotes displayed in real-time or delayed by at least 15 minutes. The same model has been sold to police in more than half of Mexico’s 32 states including Sinaloa, according to the declassified documents. Of all the recovered weapons, ATF documented that 51.1 percent were pistols, 13.6 percent were revolvers, 27.4 percent were rifles, 5.4 percent were shotguns and 2.5 percent were a combination of machine guns, destructive devices, derringers, tear-gas launchers, combination guns, flare guns, receivers/frames, silencers or any other “unknown” type. In Mexico, the army controls all weapons imports and resales to local and state police, and private individuals. Evidence suggests that significant numbers of military-grade European weapons have ended up in the hands of cartels, according to Forbidden Stories’ analysis of open-source photos. 17:02. Mexico Conscription. The Mexican Air Force ( FAM; Spanish: Fuerza Aérea Mexicana) is the primary aerial warfare service branch of the Mexican Armed Forces. According to figures from Campaign Against Arms Trade (CAAT), UK export licenses to Mexico increased from 58 in 2008 to 350 in 2017. In 2013, a Belgian weapon was used to gun down Jaime Guadalupe González Domínguez in the northern state of Chihuahua. In an interview with Sputnik, Russian military expert Andrey Frolov said that "Mexico is not a member of NATO or any other Western military alliance, which is why it has the right to buy weapons from anyone – whether the US likes it or not." “Most cartels buy in bulk, and the weapons are coming from places like Nicaragua and other South American countries. Most recruits are of a poor or indigent background; for them, induction into the military is often seen as a … Follow her on Twitter and Instagram @holliesmckay. ... Scientists suggest US embassies were hit with high-power microwaves – here’s how the weapons work. Over 33,000 people were murdered in Mexico last year alone. (Hollie McKay/Fox News). Meanwhile, multiple officials, speaking on condition of anonymity, said the wall would have little impact as many of the arms have been transferred through regular border crossings – via bribes issued to Mexican officials – or smuggled through drug tunnels. “We don’t want him to be just another cold case.”, Additional reporting by Veronica Espinosa (Proceso) in Guanajuato and Dana Priest (The Washington Post), Available for everyone, funded by readers. A few days later, two men linked to the murder were arrested, along with seven other alleged local gang members. It is a component of the Mexican Army and depends on the National Defense Secretariat ( SEDENA ). I would say that maybe it will be around 50 percent. The original G3 appeared in 1959 and went on to see widespread use with a host of countries and in countless conflicts. By simultaneously publishing their stories, the members of The Cartel Project mean to send a powerful message to enemies of the free press: “Killing the journalist won’t kill the story.”. Seeking to upgrade their supplies of standard-issue HK G3A3 series assault rifles, Mexican authorities centered in on the HK G36 system. The inventory boasts everything from low-caliber weapons, rifles, grenades, grenade launchers and 50-caliber rifles, with prices for basic handguns beginning at just $300 and going as high as $1,500 for an AR-15 and $3,000 for more advanced weapons systems, according to Mexican intelligence officials. C-130, Boeing 787, Boeing 757, IAI Arava, Antonov An-32. Studies have indicated weapons have been moving increasingly from Colombia, Spain, and Pakistan – in addition to the United States – to be resold in the Tepito underground. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed. Since then, Mexico is listed as a “priority market” for arms exports for the UK. In early 2015, just weeks after the 43 students were forcibly disappeared, the UK ambassador to Mexico told the Guardian: “In the long term we would aspire to become a player in Mexico’s military procurement.”. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, For some critics, it’s an explicit example of tight gun-control policies failing their citizens as homicide rates rose – up 3.3 percent in the first eight months of 2019 compared to 2018 – while law-abiding citizens have been left to recoil in the face of illegal gun owners. Other cartels have also obtained military grade weaponry from abroad. Cartel “hawks” – often children – are positioned in the entry to report on any unusual visitors inside the tented tunnel. Mexico deployed its army to fight drug trafficking in 2006, but experts blame the so-called "drug wars" for a spiral of violence, as fragmented cartels fight each other and the military. “The people of Salamanca are demanding justice for Israel – for the loss that he left as a brother, son, father and friend,” Vallejo said. The most recent available data compiled by the National Tracing Center for the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF) indicated that a total of 67,295 firearms recovered in Mexico between January 1, 2013, and December 31, 2018, were determined to have been either manufactured in the U.S. or legally imported into the U.S., an average of 11,216 per year. The most frequently targeted journalists are those who dare to investigate relationships between corrupt officials and organized crime. The collaboration was coordinated by Forbidden Stories, a global network of investigative journalists whose mission is to continue the work of reporters who are threatened, censored or killed. Mexico Military Newswire. According to US International Trade Commission data, about 28,465 weapons, mostly handguns, were legally sold to Mexico in 2019, but many more US weapons are trafficked across the border, with some estimating as many as 213,000 weapons illegally making their way to Mexico each year. ... right thumb fingerprint, weapons … The known modus operandi of weapons and money, for drugs, does happen as a transaction. Muskets, rifles, pistols, colt revolvers, bayonets, swords and artillery pieces were all used against the Mexican forces. Trade is booming, but European arms companies are shipping hundreds of millions of dollars worth of guns, parts and ammunition to Mexican states with dire human rights records. Still, the notion of whether the U.S border wall would benefit Mexico – by helping block the illicit transfer of firearms – has been subject to debate. Mexico is one of the few countries which has technical capabilities to manufacture nuclear weapons. Moreover, a total of 28,741 recovered weapons – an average of 4,790 annually – were classified as having an “undetermined” source. According to local news reports, authorities also seized an arsenal of high-caliber weapons from around the world, including a US-made semi-automatic rifle, Israeli and German assault rifles, and a modified semi-automatic shotgun from Turkey. In 2010, two of the weapons issued in the operation turned up at the murder scene of a U.S. Border Patrol agent. “Many of the cartels in Mexico are being paid by counterparts in the U.S. not only with money but with guns.”. They raised their weapons when they saw the two U.S. soldiers, and then took a … Market data provided by Factset. Other high-ranking officials also underscored that the majority of guns these days have been flowing not from the United States, but from the south. “The parts are vastly hidden in vehicles in many pieces then reassembled in Mexico,” he noted. English. Local reports indicated the heavy-handed cartel started proactively recruiting both former and active policemen following the leaders' arrests to defend the illicit sales and oversee extortion missions. According to Thomas Kilbride, a retired Department of Homeland Security agent and Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) policy adviser, the general assumption has been that the guns got to Mexico from the U.S. predominantly by straw buyers working on behalf of gun-trafficking organizations – meaning the gun was bought illegally by someone on behalf of someone else, or from a private seller without a federal license. But when he reached the scene he found Israel Vázquez, a fellow reporter – and a lifelong friend of Vallejo – gasping for breath in a pool of blood. The inventory boasts everything from low-caliber weapons, rifles, grenades, grenade launchers and 50-caliber rifles, with prices for basic handguns beginning at … “A lot of the violence in the U.S. is because of the drugs going in from Mexico, and a lot of the violence in Mexico is because of the guns coming from the U.S.,” one high-ranking former Mexican intelligence official told Fox News, speaking on the condition of anonymity. But also, knowing some of the weapon systems available here in Mexico,” Oughton said, “it would suggest that they would be illegally manufactured here, and also [found] their way from other parts of Latin America, Eastern Europe... Russia and China. Quotes displayed in real-time or delayed by at least 15 minutes. “They clearly know that weapons are going to states like Guerrero and Veracruz and Tamaulipas and Chihuahua that have long, well-documented histories of corruption and human rights abuses and impunity,” he said. Hollie McKay has a been a Fox News Digital staff reporter since 2007. Legal Statement. The country was forced to … Since 2000, 119 journalists have been killed in Mexico, according to the Committee to Protect Journalists, making it the most dangerous country in the world for members of the press, outside a warzone. Also, they’re routinely disguised inside other items such as goods and electronics. Even though the right to bear arms has been protected by the Mexican Constitution, obtaining a weapon would be a difficult grind for the average person. “Some Mexican citizens have tried, desperately and as a last resort, to band together with whatever weapons they can gather to protect themselves.”, Get all the stories you need-to-know from the most powerful name in news delivered first thing every morning to your inbox. He’s the narco saint, the so-called patron saint of drug traffickers, the perceived “angel of the poor.”. The Americans had the upper hand when it came to weapons. Powered and implemented by FactSet Digital Solutions. Mexico Military Strength (2020) For 2020, Mexico is ranked 38 of 138 out of the countries considered for the annual GFP review. Lee Oughton, the managing partner and chief operating officer of the Mexico City-based Fortress risk-management company, concurred that while a wall would hardly solve the trafficking problem, it would serve as the “first line of defense” for both countries. VENEZUELANS REGRET GUN BAN, 'A DECLARATION OF WAR AGAINST AN UNARMED POPULATION'. People in hunting clubs would be granted leeway to possess additional rifles. There are a total of [ 78 ] Mexico Small Arms List (Current and Former Types) entries in the Military Factory. 2014 forced disappearance of 43 trainee teachers. Mexican President Andrés Manuel López Obrador, along with military leaders, observes Independence Day in Mexico City's Zócalo square in September 2019. CLICK HERE FOR THE ALL-NEW FOXBUSINESS.COM. Today, millions of weapons are in private hands — in direct violation of Mexico’s strict gun laws. Still, gun violence has continued to grip the country. In the 1970s Mexico's national institute for nuclear research successfully achieved the creation of highly enriched uraniumwhich is used in nuclear power plants and in the construction of nuclear weapons. It … “And, another factor is the CNC machines making uppers in clandestine shops in Mexico.”. The documents show that European weapons have regularly been sold to states where security forces have a well-documented history of human rights violations and collusion with criminal groups, such as Guerrero, where local police and soldiers have been implicated in the 2014 forced disappearance of 43 trainee teachers. Many of the weapons used in the murders of 119 journalists were imported – and Mexico’s laws and culture make tracing them impossible, by Phineas Rueckert from Forbidden Stories and Nina Lakhani, Fri 11 Dec 2020 16.23 EST The military and diplomatic capabilities of Mexico declined after it attained independence and left the northern one-half of the count… But, from the pirated goods – including sex toys, endangered turtle eggs, counterfeit designer clothes, DVDs and drugs – to other lucrative enterprises including kidnapping and extortion, once trust is gained, one may be lured by a cartel operative into private homes or underground bunkers, which are scattered city-wide, to make a weapons purchase. In Guerrero and Tamaulipas, two of the most violent states in Mexico, 20% and 10% of weapons respectively, were lost between 2006 and 2017. Mexican forces bayonets, swords and artillery pieces were all used against the Mexican military was in … Mexico up. 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